The Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute (IHAR) - National Research Institute is the largest Polish research centre in the multi-disciplinary area of crop improvement, biotechnology, germplasm conservation and enhancement. IHAR was founded in 1951 for research in breeding and seed production of major field crops.
The current mission of IHAR is to develop:
- theoretical principles and research methodologies related to germplasm conservation, enhancement and utilization in breeding of field crops,
- seed science and seed production,
- collection and preservation of plant germplasm resources for breeding and research programmes.
Research agenda is focused on:
- identification of genetic sources of the important agronomic traits,
studies on their genetic control and methods of utilization,
research on the mechanisms controlling crop resistance to diseases, pests and environmental stresses,
application of biotechnological methods in plant breeding and gene transformation.